Last November, French President Emmanuel Macron and Italian prime minister Mario Draghi signed a treaty in Rome, the so-called Quirinal Treaty. The idea of a bilateral agreement between France and Italy had already been suggested in 2017, at a time when the current European Commissioner for Economy Paolo Gentiloni was Italy’s prime minister. However, France-Italy relations deteriorated after the 2018 Italian elections, which brought to the creation of a government led by a coalition of the Five Star movement and the League, eventually leading to the recalling of the French ambassador in Italy after the former Five Star movement’s leader Luigi Di Mario publicly showed support to the gilets jaunes movement. The decline in Franco-Italian relations has been reversed under Draghi’s government and the agreement was finally struck on the 26th of November, in the Quirinale Palace, the official residence of the Italian President of the Republic.
The treaty aims at improving collaboration between the two countries in various matters of common interest: foreign affairs, defence and security, European policies, immigration, economic and industrial development, culture and education are amongst the most notable ones. It is quite rare in its nature, as such bilateral agreements are rare in recent European History, with France having signed one only with Germany in 1963, the Elysée Treaty, showing both nations’ determination to work closely with each other to reach their common goals. In the 12 articles, great importance is placed on the need for the consolidation of the European Union’s strategic role on the global stage.
The Quirinale Palace, where the treaty was signed - Source: Quirinale
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