NATO alarmed by Russian deployment on Ukrainian border

Almost nobody has recently heard about the Russian-Ukrainian border situation anymore. The media forgot about it and the public opinion stopped thinking of what is going on. Nevertheless, many people are still dying in those countries because of quick armed clashes or landmines.

The conflict between Russia and Ukraine started in 2014, when the Moscow Army occupied Crimea, a part of the Ukrainian nation, where most of the citizens speak Russian, and thanks to the growing impatience of the pro Russian protester and the anti-government groups based in the cities of Lugansk and Doneck, which are situated on the oriental border.

Demonstrations started after the settlement of a pro-western and pro-europe government in Kiev. This represented a problem to Russia, who was aiming for an annexation of Ukraine in order to establish an Eurasian power.

Due to the insurrections the Ukrainian government was forced to launch a military counter-offensive that leaded to the war of Donbass. Since then, the conflict caused the death of more than 14,000 people, most of them civilians who were living in the front area. The two rebel cities established two independent republics and the civil war caused the entire country to fall in a deep internal and international political crisis.

On September 5th 2014, a few months after the beginning of the tensions, representatives of Ukraine, Russia and the two independent republics of Doneck and Lugansk signed the Minks protocol, whose goal was to put an end to the conflict. The agreement provided for an immediate ceasefire, the exchange of prisoners and the Ukrainian commitment for more powers to the Doneck and Lugansk regions. Despite the initial diminishment of hostilities the agreement was not respected.

Today Crimea is formally part of the Russian state and the regions of Donbass are de-facto independent but in an extremely precarious political situation: citizens are divided between separatists and a part of them who want to establish a federation with Ukraine who would be ready to guarantee greater autonomy.

In the meantime, relationships between Russia and Ukraine are still poised.

Tensions are not gone, they are just waiting to explode again. A few months ago, after the settlement of the Biden government, discontent in the Donbass region became harsh again: an Ukrainian soldier was killed and another was seriously wounded by the separatist rebels in the east of the country, which are supported by Moscow. Ukrainian President Zelenskij loudly asked Washington and his allies for a stronger economic and military assistance. He also required a quick entry of Ukraine into the NATO, which would represent a fundamental step in order to contain the Russian influence over the Mediterranean area but would also increase Moscow restlessness. The Ukrainian question is certainly central in the Russia - USA disagreements: the western allies strategy is the inclusion of Kiev in the NATO, so as to expand its eastern borders.